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Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of TracPermissions


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Timestamp:
10/09/08 11:57:08 (6 years ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

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  • TracPermissions

    v1 v2  
    22[[TracGuideToc]]
    33
    4 Trac uses a simple but flexible permission system to control what users can and can't access.
     4Trac uses a simple, case sensitive, permission system to control what users can and can't access.
    55
    6 Permission privileges are managed using the [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] tool.
     6Permission privileges are managed using the [TracAdmin trac-admin] tool or the ''General / Permissions'' panel in the ''Admin'' web interface.
    77
    8 Regular visitors, non-authenticated users, accessing the system are assigned the default
    9 role (''user'') named {{{anonymous}}}.
    10 Assign permissions to the {{{anonymous}}} user to set privileges for non-authenticated/guest users.
     8In addition to the default permission policy described in this page, it is possible to activate additional permission policies by enabling plugins and listing them in the `[trac] permission_policies` configuration entry in the TracIni. See TracFineGrainedPermissions for more details.
    119
    12 In addition to these privileges users can be granted additional individual
    13 rights in effect when authenticated and logged into the system.
     10Non-authenticated users accessing the system are assigned the name "anonymous". Assign permissions to the "anonymous" user to set privileges for anonymous/guest users. The parts of Trac that a user does not have the privileges for will not be displayed in the navigation.
     11In addition to these privileges, users can be granted additional individual rights in effect when authenticated and logged into the system. All logged in users belong to the virtual group "authenticated", which inherits permissions from "anonymous".
    1412
    1513== Available Privileges ==
    1614
    17 To enable all privileges for a user, use the `TRAC_ADMIN` permission. Having `TRAC_ADMIN` is like being `root` on a *NIX system, it will let you do anything you want.
     15To enable all privileges for a user, use the `TRAC_ADMIN` permission. Having `TRAC_ADMIN` is like being `root` on a *NIX system: it will allow you to perform any operation.
    1816
    19 Otherwise, individual privileges can be assigned to users for the various different functional areas of Trac:
     17Otherwise, individual privileges can be assigned to users for the various different functional areas of Trac ('''note that the privilege names are case-sensitive'''):
    2018
    2119=== Repository Browser ===
     
    3129|| `TICKET_CREATE` || Create new [wiki:TracTickets tickets] ||
    3230|| `TICKET_APPEND` || Add comments or attachments to [wiki:TracTickets tickets] ||
    33 || `TICKET_CHGPROP` || Modify [wiki:TracTickets ticket] properties ||
     31|| `TICKET_CHGPROP` || Modify [wiki:TracTickets ticket] properties (priority, assignment, keywords, etc.) except description field, cc field add/remove when logged in or set email to pref ||
    3432|| `TICKET_MODIFY` || Includes both `TICKET_APPEND` and `TICKET_CHGPROP`, and in addition allows resolving [wiki:TracTickets tickets] ||
    35 || `TICKET_ADMIN` || All `TICKET_*` permissions, plus the deletion of ticket attachments. ||
     33|| `TICKET_EDIT_CC` || Full modify cc field ||
     34|| `TICKET_EDIT_DESCRIPTION` || Modify description field ||
     35|| `TICKET_ADMIN` || All `TICKET_*` permissions, plus the deletion of ticket attachments and modification of the description field ||
     36
     37Attention: the "view tickets" button appears with the `REPORT_VIEW` permission.
    3638
    3739=== Roadmap ===
     
    4244|| `MILESTONE_DELETE` || Delete milestones ||
    4345|| `MILESTONE_ADMIN` || All `MILESTONE_*` permissions ||
    44 || `ROADMAP_VIEW` || View the [wiki:TracRoadmap roadmap] page ||
    45 || `ROADMAP_ADMIN` || Alias for `MILESTONE_ADMIN` (deprecated) ||
     46|| `ROADMAP_VIEW` || View the [wiki:TracRoadmap roadmap] page, is not (yet) the same as MILESTONE_VIEW, see #4292 ||
     47|| `ROADMAP_ADMIN` || to be removed with #3022, replaced by MILESTONE_ADMIN ||
    4648
    4749=== Reports ===
    4850
    49 || `REPORT_VIEW` || View [wiki:TracReports reports] ||
     51|| `REPORT_VIEW` || View [wiki:TracReports reports], i.e. the "view tickets" link. ||
    5052|| `REPORT_SQL_VIEW` || View the underlying SQL query of a [wiki:TracReports report] ||
    5153|| `REPORT_CREATE` || Create new [wiki:TracReports reports] ||
     
    6264|| `WIKI_ADMIN` || All `WIKI_*` permissions, plus the management of ''readonly'' pages. ||
    6365
     66=== Permissions ===
     67
     68|| `PERMISSION_GRANT` || add/grant a permission ||
     69|| `PERMISSION_REVOKE` || remove/revoke a permission ||
     70|| `PERMISSION_ADMIN` || All `PERMISSION_*` permissions ||
     71
     72
    6473=== Others ===
    6574
     
    6776|| `SEARCH_VIEW` || View and execute [wiki:TracSearch search] queries ||
    6877|| `CONFIG_VIEW` || Enables additional pages on ''About Trac'' that show the current configuration or the list of installed plugins ||
     78|| `EMAIL_VIEW` || Shows email addresses even if [wiki:0.11/TracIni `trac show_email_addresses` configuration option is `false`] ||
    6979
    7080== Granting Privileges ==
    7181
    72 Currently the only way to grant privileges to users is by using the `trac-admin` script. The current set of privileges can be listed with the following command:
     82You grant privileges to users using [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin]. The current set of privileges can be listed with the following command:
    7383{{{
    7484  $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission list
     
    8090}}}
    8191
     92The `permission add` command also accepts multiple privilege names:
     93{{{
     94  $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob REPORT_DELETE WIKI_CREATE
     95}}}
     96
     97Or add all privileges:
     98{{{
     99  $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob TRAC_ADMIN
     100}}}
     101
    82102== Permission Groups ==
     103
     104There are two built-in groups, "authenticated" and "anonymous".[[BR]]
     105Any user who has not logged in is automatically in the "anonymous" group.[[BR]]
     106Any user who has logged in is also in the "authenticated" group.[[BR]]
     107The "authenticated" group inherits permissions from the "anonymous" group.[[BR]]
     108eg. if the "anonymous" group has permission WIKI_MODIFY, it's not necessary to add the WIKI_MODIFY permisison to the "authenticated" group as well.
     109
     110Custom groups may be defined that inherit permissions from the two built-in groups.
    83111
    84112Permissions can be grouped together to form roles such as ''developer'', ''admin'', etc.
     
    91119}}}
    92120
     121Group membership can be checked by doing a {{{permission list}}} with no further arguments; the resulting output will include group memberships. '''Use lowercase for group names, as uppercase is reserved for permissions'''.
     122
     123== Adding a New Group and Permissions ==
     124Permission groups can be created by assigning a user to a group you wish to create, then assign permissions to that group.
     125
     126The following will add ''bob'' to the new group called ''beta_testers'' and then will assign WIKI_ADMIN permissions to that group. (Thus, ''bob'' will inherit the WIKI_ADMIN permission)
     127{{{
     128   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob beta_testers
     129   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add beta_testers WIKI_ADMIN
     130
     131}}}
     132
     133== Removing Permissions ==
     134
     135Permissions can be removed using the 'remove' command. For example:
     136
     137This command will prevent the user ''bob'' from deleting reports:
     138{{{
     139  $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove bob REPORT_DELETE
     140}}}
     141
     142Just like `permission add`, this command accepts multiple privilege names.
     143
     144You can also remove all privileges for a specific user:
     145{{{
     146  $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove bob '*'
     147}}}
     148
     149Or one privilege for all users:
     150{{{
     151  $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove '*' REPORT_ADMIN
     152}}}
     153
    93154== Default Permissions ==
    94155
    95 Granting privileges to the special user ''anonymous'' can be used to control what an anonymous user can do before they have logged in.
     156By default on a new Trac installation, the `anonymous` user will have ''view'' access to everything in Trac, but will not be able to create or modify anything.
     157On the other hand, the `authenticated` users will have the permissions to ''create and modify tickets and wiki pages''.
    96158
    97 In the same way, privileges granted to the special user ''authenticated'' will apply to any authenticated (logged in) user.
     159 '''anonymous'''::
     160 BROWSER_VIEW
     161 CHANGESET_VIEW
     162 FILE_VIEW
     163 LOG_VIEW
     164 MILESTONE_VIEW
     165 REPORT_SQL_VIEW
     166 REPORT_VIEW
     167 ROADMAP_VIEW
     168 SEARCH_VIEW
     169 TICKET_VIEW
     170 TIMELINE_VIEW
     171 WIKI_VIEW
     172
     173 '''authenticated'''::
     174 TICKET_CREATE
     175 TICKET_MODIFY
     176 WIKI_CREATE
     177 WIKI_MODIFY 
    98178
    99179----
    100 See also: TracAdmin, TracGuide
     180See also: TracAdmin, TracGuide and TracFineGrainedPermissions